SISTER-CITIES

Sister City Ties

First city twinning agreement was signed as early as in 1942 between Stalingrad (USSR) and Coventry (England), both cities having been heavily damaged by the bombings during the World War II.

Sister cities are cities having cooperative agreements establishing friendly ties to promote mutual understanding and respect as well as cultural, sports, commercial and other exchanges between the communities of the two cities. The authorities and organizations of the two cities share their experience in finding solutions to similar issues. Sister city ties are established with the wide public support of the communities in the two cities. Sister cities often have similar characteristics. Sister cities status also means that the cities can apply to international organizations for financial support to their joint projects.

Last Sunday of April is a World United Cities Day. This holiday was introduced by the World Federation of United Cities - international organization established in 1957.

Vladivostok became a part of the united cities network having signed Sister City Declaration with the city of Niigata, Japan on February 28, 1991. In 1992 Vladivostok established sister city ties with another two Japanese cities Hakodate and Akita.

Geographical proximity as well as mutual interest the cities displayed in the further development of cultural and sports exchanges that had been going on for some time already before 1992 as well as the desire to strengthen economical and other ties prompted the city governments to formally enter into sister city relationship.

Vladivostok conducts youth, sports, educational, cultural and other exchanges with its Japanese sister cities. Vladivostok's ties with the Japanese cities are growing in scope every year. There are some joint projects that continue year by year. Thus, Vladivostok schoolchildren have been participating in the International children exchange program Habatake 21 - Children of the Future since 1992. The main goal of the program is to promote friendship between Russia (Vladivostok, Khabarovsk), Japan (Niigata), China (Harbin, Xian) and the Republic of Korea (Ulsan) by sending delegations of children from these cities to spend a week together in the city of Niigata. Habatake 21 program helps to unite the children from different countries and learn about each country's unique culture and traditions.

On September 10, 1991 Sister City Agreement between Vladivostok and San Diego, USA was signed. In 1992 two Vladivostok acquired two more US sister cities - Juneau, AK (February 21, 1992) and Tacoma, WA (February 25, 1992). Vladivostok and its American sister cities have been exchanging educators, performing groups, officials, etc.

On June 30, 1992 the city of Busan, Republic of Korea and Vladivostok joined in sisterhood. Busan has been an active player in Vladivostok's cultural and economical life and it has been closely cooperating with Primorsky region's schools, colleges and universities.

The city of Dalian became the first Vladivostok's sister city in China on September 10, 1992.

In 2009-2011 the city of Wonsan (the Democratic People's Republic of Korea), the city of Manta (Ecuador), as well as Vladikavkaz (Russia), Kota Kinabalu (Malaysia) and Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture (China) signed sister cities agreement with the city of Vladivostok.

Vladivostok is actively engaged in the cultural, commercial and other exchanges with its sister cities. A number of joined projects in the sphere of health care, education and city development have benefited the participating cities and its residents.

The city of Vladivostok places much importance on the further strengthening of its international communication and the increasing of its scope.

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Vladivostok's Sister Cities
#CityStateDate of signing of sister-city agreement
1.Dalian Liaoning ProvinceCPRSeptember 10, 1992
Sister City Agreement between the City of Vladivostok, Russia and the City of Dalian, China, September 10, 1992
2.BusanRepublic of KoreaJune 30, 1992
Sister City Communique between the City of Busan and the City of Vladivostok, June 30, 1992
3.JuneauUSAFebruary 21, 1992
Sister City Agreement between the City of Vladivostok and the City and Borough of Juneau, February 21, 1992
4.San DiegoUSASeptember 10, 1991
Sister City Agreement between the City of Vladivostok and the City of San Diego, September 10, 1991
5.TacomaUSAFebruary 25, 1992
Sister City Declaration between the City of Vladivostok (Russia, Commonwealth of Independent States) and the City of Tacoma (Washington, United States of America), February 25, 1992
6.AkitaJapanJune 29, 1992
Sister City Declaration between the City of Vladivostok and the City of Akita, June 29, 1992
7.NiigataJapanFebruary 28, 1991
Sister City Declaration between the City of Vladivostok, USSR and the City of Niigata, Japan, February 28, 1991
8.HakodateJapanJuly 28, 1992
Sister City Declaration between the City of Vladivostok, Russia and the City of Hakodate, Japan, July 28, 1992
9.WonsanDPRKOctober 19, 2009
Agreement for the Establishment of a Sister City Relationship and the Strengthening of Friendship and Cooperation between the City of Vladivostok, Russian Federation and the City of Wonsan, Democratic People's Republic of Korea
10.MantaEcuadorOctober 29, 2009
Sister City Agreement between the City of Vladivostok, Russian Federation and the City of Manta, Republic of Ecuador
11.Kota KinabaluMalaysiaMarch 15, 2010
Agreement for the Establishment of a Sister City Relationship and the Strengthening of the Ties of Friendship and Cooperation between the City of Kota Kinabalu (Malaysia) and the City of Vladivostok (Russian Federation)
12.Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture Jilin ProvincePRCMay 18, 2011
Sister City Agreement between the City of Vladivostok (Primorsky region, Russian Federation) and Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture (Jilin Province, People's Republic of China)
Russian Sister Cities
#CityDate of signing of sister-city agreement
1.Vladikavkaz, Republic of North Ossetia-AlaniaNovember 27, 2009
Friendship and Cooperation Agreements
#CityStateFriendship City since
1.ShanghaiPRCApril 27, 1993
Memorandum of Understanding and the Development of Friendship and Cooperation between the City of Vladivostok and the City of Shanghai, April 27, 1993
2.Yantai Shandong ProvincePRCJuly 29, 1994
Friendship City Agreement between the City of Yantai, China and Vladivostok, Russia, July 29, 1994
3.Changchun Jilin ProvincePRCSeptember 27, 2003
All-round Cooperation Agreement between the City of Vladivostok and the City of Changchun, September 27, 2003
4.Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture Jilin ProvincePRCAugust 9, 2002
Memorandum for the Establishment of the Friendly Exchanges and Trade and Economical Cooperation between Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture, China and the City of Vladivostok, Russian Federation, August 9, 2002
5.Ho Chi Minh CityVietnamMay 21, 2009
6.Donghae, SakaiminatoRepublic of Korea, JapanOctober 6, 2009
7.TottoriJapanAugust 23, 2010
Friendship and Cooperation Agreement between the City of Vladivostok, Russian Federation and the City of Tottori, Japan

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